The true origins of Jiu-Jitsu are impossible to trace and have not had an organized history as many other martial arts have, but elements of the art can be traced back over 2500 years. Jiu Jitsu developed from many individual teachings that either originated in Japan or found their way to Japan from other Asian countries. Jiu-Jitsu is what might be called a Parent Art, from which other martial arts develop. More than 725 systems of Jiu-Jitsu were developed in Japan. Jiu-jitsu evolved among the samurai of feudal Japan as a method for defeating an armed and armoured opponent without weapons. The form of pins, joint locks, and throws were developed around the principle of using an attacker’s energy against him, rather than directly opposing it.
Different schools (ryū) have been teaching traditional Jujutsu in Japan since the 15th century. The first recognised school that taught only Jiu-Jitsu moves opened in 1532, founded by Master Takenouchi Hisamori. From 1871 many aspects of samurai culture were banned, including the practice of martial arts. The few masters that continued the teaching of Jiu-Jitsu during the latter half of the 19th century either moved away from the country or were forced to train in secret, passing their knowledge on to a single or select group of trusted students. In 2011 the Sport Jiu-Jitsu International Federation (SJJIF) was founded. SJJIF hosted its first international event, the SJJIF Worlds, in 2013 in Long Beach, California, USA.