Indoor hockey is a sport that was derived from field hockey. It originated in Germany during the 1950s to enable field hockey players to practice during the off-season or when conditions are unsuitable for outdoor play, which later became a fully codified sport of its own. Indoor hockey was quickly spreading to other European nations. Belgium was one of the first countries to adopt the field hockey variant, and in 1966 René Frank, a native of Belgium, who was later to become President of the FIH, persuaded the German Hockey Associations to give responsibility over the rules of indoor hockey to the FIH.
This led to the Fédération Internationale de Hockey recognising indoor hockey in its constitution in 1968. The first FIH sanctioned tournament matches of Indoor Hockey were played in 1972, the European Championship, both men's and women's, was first held in 1974. The first Indoor World Cup was held in Germany in 2003. In many countries field hockey is played all year long, but in some countries the hockey season is divided evenly into a field hockey half in summer and an indoor hockey season in winter.