Skiing has a history of almost five millennia. It may have been practiced more than 100 centuries ago in what is now China, according to an interpretation of ancient paintings. The earliest Scandinavian examples of skiing date to 3000 or 4000 BCE with primitive carvings. Skiing was primarily used for transport until the mid-19th century. Cross country skiing is the oldest type of skiing. It emerged from a need to travel over snow-covered terrain and developed as a sport at the end of the 19th century.
First pure cross-country competition held in Trondheim in 1884 when ski jumping was dropped from the annual competition. Cross-country events have evolved in the Winter Olympics since 1924, as seen in the following timeline, and the women’s event debuted at the 1952 Oslo Games. The FIS Cross-Country World Cup has been arranged by the FIS since 1981. The competition was arranged unofficially between 1973 and 1981, although it received provisional recognition in 1977. Cross-country was a part of FIS Nordic World Ski Championships from 1st edition in 1925 for men, and 1954 for women.