Modern snowboarding began in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an engineer in Muskegon, Michigan, invented a toy for his daughters by fastening two skis together and attaching a rope to one end so he would have some control as they stood on the board and glided downhill. Dubbed the "snurfer" by his wife Nancy, the toy proved so popular among his daughters' friends that Poppen licensed the idea to a manufacturer, Brunswick Corporation, that sold about a million snurfers over the next decade.
The first competitions to offer prize money were the National Snurfing Championship, held at Muskegon State Park in Muskegon Michigan. In 1982, the first USA National Snowboard race was held near Woodstock, Vermont, at Suicide Six. In 1983, the first World Championship was held at Soda Springs, California. In 1985, the first World Cup was held in Zürs, Austria. In 1990, the International Snowboard Federation (ISF) was founded and the FIS introduced snowboarding as a FIS discipline in 1994. At the 1998 Winter Olympic Games in Nagano, Japan, snowboarding became an official Olympic event.