Skiing has a history of almost five millennia. It may have been practiced more than 100 centuries ago in what is now China, according to an interpretation of ancient paintings. The earliest Scandinavian examples of skiing date to 3000 or 4000 BCE with primitive carvings. Norwegian soldiers are known to have been competing in Nordic skiing since the early 19th century. The first major Nordic Combined Competition was held in 1892 in Oslo, Norway at the first Holmenkollen Ski Festival. The festival proved popular and soon attracted skiers from Sweden and other neighbouring countries.
The first Winter Olympics, the 1924 Winter Olympics, was held in Chamonix, France and included Nordic skiing among the five principal disciplines and has been on the program ever since. Nordic combined was a part of the FIS Nordic World Ski Championships from 1st edition in 1925. It was decided in 2016 that women's competitions were to be established at World Championships starting in 2021 and at the Olympic Winter Games in 2022, but Olympic debut for women in 2022 was cancelled and then likely to be added in 2026.