Volleyball

Short History

     At Springfield, US, William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, met James Naismith who invented basketball in 1891. Morgan was motivated by Naismith's game of basketball, and in 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts he created a new game called Mintonette. Mintonette was designed to be sport less rough than basketball, for older members of the YMCA, while still requiring a bit of athletic effort. In 1896 after the demonstration on a conference organized at the YMCA College in Springfield, Dr. Luther Halsey Gulick, director of the professional physical education training school proposed that the name "Mintonette" be replaced by "Volley Ball." This name was accepted by Morgan and the conference. The first original rules were written by Morgan in 1897.
     The first nationwide tournament in the US was conducted by the National YMCA Physical Education Committee in New York City in 1922. The United States Volleyball Association was formed in 1928. The first country outside the US to adopt volleyball was Canada in 1900, then in many other countries: in the Philippines ,where is in 1916 an offensive style of passing the ball in a high trajectory to be struck by another player were introduced, China and Japan , Burma, India and others in Mexico and South American and African countries. In 1915 volleyball arrived in France with American soldiers who were fighting in WWI. The popularity of volleyball grows rapidly. Volleyball expands especially to the Eastern Europe, where indoor games are popular due to cold climate.
     Until the early 1930s volleyball was for the most part a game of leisure and recreation. There were different rules of the game in the various parts of the world, however, national championships were played in many countries. The sport took a huge step forward in 1947 with the creation of the Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball (FIVB) in Paris. Two years later the inaugural World Championships for men took place in Prague, Czechoslovakia and 1952 World Championships for women. International volleyball rules were standardized in 1964 when indoor volleyball became an official Olympic sport in Tokyo.

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