In the early 1950s, a number of visionary football administrators from Italy, France and Belgium pursued the idea of forming a united European football block. About the same time, it was clear that continental authorities, rather than just one central worldwide body, were needed to supervise and direct football's constant growth, and FIFA had approved the statutory basis for the creation of continental football confederations in 1953. The Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), the parent body of European football and one of the six continental confederations of FIFA, was founded on 15 June 1954 in Basel, Switzerland. On UEFA Congress on 22 June 1954 Ebbe Schwartz from Denmark became the first UEFA President.
The European football union began with 25 members, that number doubled by the early 1990s as new associations were born out of the fragmentation of the Soviet Union, and in eastern Europe. Today, 55 associations are under UEFA's wing, although several UEFA member states are primarily or entirely located in Asia, and some members are not sovereign states, but form part of a larger recognised sovereign state in the context of international law. Additionally some UEFA member associations allow teams from outside their association's main territory to take part in their "domestic" competition. Until 1959 the main headquarters was located in Paris, and later in Bern. In 1995, UEFA headquarters were transferred to Nyon, Switzerland.
The European Champion Clubs' Cup was founded in April 1955, and the European Nations' Cup got under way in 1958 after two years of groundwork. The Cup Winners' Cup was staged for the first time in 1960/61. The Inter-Cities' Fairs Cup, established in 1955, came under UEFA's full control and was renamed the UEFA Cup in 1971. The Super Cup officially came into being in 1973. Three years later, a European Under-21 competition replaced the Under-23 competition. The women's game also began to forge its own identity, and 1982 saw the inaugural European women's competition. In 1992 European Champion Clubs' Cup became the UEFA Champions League, the most prestigious club competition in the world.
Formation - 15 June 1954
Founded at - Basel, Switzerland
Headquarters - Nyon, Switzerland
Region served - Europe
Membership - 55 national associations
Official language - English, French, German
President - Aleksander Čeferin
Parent organization - FIFA
Website - www.uefa.org