FIFA

Short History

     With the number of international matches increasing as football spread, the need for a global governing body emerged. Initially, it was intended to reflect the formative role of the British in football's history, but the football associations of the Home Nations unanimously rejected such a body. Thus the nations of Europe decided to go it alone and Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) was born in Paris, uniting the Football governing bodies of France, Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland on 21 May 1904. Germany also joined FIFA on the same day by Telegram but is not considered a founding member. The first FIFA Congress was held on 23 May 1904, and Robert Guérin was elected president.
     Early attempts at the organization of a tournament began, but without the British countries this failed. England, however, joined in 1905. FIFA continued to expand in federations and influence, being able to monopolize international matches, however, its organizational skills were still not refined. The first non-European members were South Africa in 1909, Argentina and Chile in 1912, and the United States and Canada in 1913. International football was rare during World War I and FIFA nearly collapsed in 1918. It was Hirschmann, almost acting alone, who kept FIFA alive, and in 1919 convened an assembly in Brussels. However, the British associations withdrew in protest against the inclusion of countries from the Central Powers.
     British associations re-joined in the early '20s. In 1914, FIFA agreed to recognise the Olympic football tournament as a "world football championship for amateurs", and took responsibility for organising the event, starting with the 1920 Summer Olympics. These successes prompted FIFA, at the Amsterdam congress in 1928, to consider staging its own World Championship. At the following Congress in Barcelona plans were finalised, World Cup would be held in Uruguay, in 1930. British associations withdrew again in 1928, and did not return until after World War II, in 1946. Now FIFA expanded to include 211 member associations and is the international governing body of association football, futsal and beach soccer.

Formation                - 21 May 1904
Founded at              - Paris, France
Headquarters          - Zürich, Switzerland
Region served         - Worldwide
Membership           - 211 national associations
Official language    - English, French, German, Spanish
President                 - Gianni Infantino
Affiliations               - International Olympic Committee, International Football Association Board
Motto                       - For the Game. For the World.
Website                    - www.fifa.com

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FIFA’s Confederations